Volume 2, Issue 4, December 2018, Page: 40-48
Assessment of Conflict Dynamics in Somali National Regional State of Ethiopia
Abduselam Abdulahi Mohamed, Research Directorate, Kebri Dehar University, Kebridehar, Ethiopia
Received: Sep. 15, 2018;       Accepted: Sep. 27, 2018;       Published: Dec. 10, 2018
DOI: 10.11648/j.jppa.20180204.11      View  265      Downloads  74
Abstract
This article intended to assess conflict dynamics in Somali region based on secondary data, personal interviews and group discussions that was held in Gode, Kebridahar, Jigjiga and Dendema towns. Accordingly, the root causes of the post 1991 ethnic conflicts in Ethiopia associated with nation building process and centralization of power in Ethiopia and power sharing conflicts. The theoretical ground of this study claims that the conflict in Somali region is a clash between conflict actors over scarce resources and political power. After 2016 the conflict dynamics and the reasons for internal displacement in Somali region was changed since it was triggered by conflict between Somali-Oromia over access resource and regional boundaries. Data from IOM in 2018 indicate that around 61,907 internally displaced households due to Somali-Oromia conflict live in government collective centers majority in Qoloji (Babile), Moyale and Dire-Dawa. From the beginning the main actors of the conflict in the region includes armed clans, clan elders, local administrative, ONLF force, WSLF force, OLF force, regional polices, and federal military. In the general context, the Somali region conflict dynamics can be affected in the future by Oil and minerals extraction potential of the region, land resource and ownership, inequities in levels of development between and within regions of the country, Woreda or administrative distributions among the Somali-clans, political power division, and regional volatile political issues.
Keywords
Conflict, Ethnic Conflict, Government, Resources, Somali, Ethiopia
To cite this article
Abduselam Abdulahi Mohamed, Assessment of Conflict Dynamics in Somali National Regional State of Ethiopia, Journal of Public Policy and Administration. Vol. 2, No. 4, 2018, pp. 40-48. doi: 10.11648/j.jppa.20180204.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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